Afghanistan has been at war for over 40 years and its citizens are looking for a way out. Starting with the 1979 Soviet invasion and leading to a civil war in which over 50,000 people were killed, this ended in 1996 when the Taliban took over. The US-led invasion occurred in 2001 and ever since the country has remained in a state of belligerent rebellion. Warlords, such as those with strong ties to al-Qaida, have remained powerful since the 2001 U.S.-led invasion.
Hamid Karzai, the first democratically elected President post the Taliban’s collapse, states, ‘“We must understand that there has been suffering on all sides, all Afghans have suffered at different times… Everyone has done (their) part, unfortunately, in bringing suffering to our people and to our country, No one can (point) a finger toward someone to say you’ve done it.”
The effect of the Taliban’s defeat in 2001 led to revenge and due to serving as the foundation of the Taliban, Pashtuns (eastern Iranians) were harassed and abused when going back home. This led to many fleeing to safety, with a big number moving to Pakistan allowing the Taliban to regroup. The group is currently at its strongest since 2001 controlling nearly half the country and attacking areas across Afghanistan.
Washington’s deal with the Taliban states that U.S. troops are to withdraw by April 2021 providing the Taliban honour their promise to fight terrorist groups. However, there is a large concern that when and if an intra-Afghan deal is reached, its many organisations, including the Taliban, will fight back for its power if U.S. and NATO troops leave. Donald Trump recently announced he aims to have the soldiers back in America by Christmas pushing the agreement forward.